High Desert Plant Finder & Guide

tree

Jeffrey Pine

Pinus jeffreyi

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Jeffrey Pine (Pinus jeffreyi) at Moana Nursery

Jeffrey Pine

Jeffrey Pine

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  90 feet

Spread:  40 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4

Description:

One of the larger pines for the landscape, this native of the west coast can grow to become a bold, imposing specimen, although it grows slowly enough for general landscape use as well; best used for larger properties

Ornamental Features

Jeffrey Pine has bluish-green foliage. The needles remain bluish-green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The rough brown bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Jeffrey Pine is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a more or less rounded form. Its strikingly bold and coarse texture can be very effective in a balanced landscape composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Jeffrey Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade
  • Windbreaks and Shelterbelts

Planting & Growing

Jeffrey Pine will grow to be about 90 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 100 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, but will not tolerate standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in both summer and winter to conserve soil moisture and protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Shade  Windbreak 
Applications
Texture  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

Please note: Our Plant Guide is all about plants that will work in the high desert. It is not, nor is it intended to be, a current list of plants in stock on hand at each location or at our farm. We purposely do not sell or ship plants via the internet. Plant questions and availability are best determined in-store.