High Desert Plant Finder & Guide

tree

White Oak

Quercus alba

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White Oak (Quercus alba) at Moana Nursery

White Oak

White Oak

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

White Oak (Quercus alba) at Moana Nursery

White Oak in fall

White Oak in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

White Oak (Quercus alba) at Moana Nursery

White Oak in fall

White Oak in fall

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  90 feet

Spread:  70 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  4

Description:

A massive and stately shade tree with an artistic, wide-spreading habit of growth and good fall color, only for the largest of landscapes; extremely tough but rather slow growing. Plant for the enjoyment of future generations.

Ornamental Features

White Oak has dark green foliage which emerges rose in spring. The glossy lobed leaves turn an outstanding purple in the fall. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. The furrowed black bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

White Oak is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This tree will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It has no significant negative characteristics.

White Oak is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Shade

Planting & Growing

White Oak will grow to be about 90 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 70 feet. It has a high canopy of foliage that sits well above the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in both summer and winter to conserve soil moisture and protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This species is native to parts of North America.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Characteristics
Shade 
Applications
Fall Color  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

Please note: Our Plant Guide is all about plants that will work in the high desert. It is not, nor is it intended to be, a current list of plants in stock on hand at each location or at our farm. We purposely do not sell or ship plants via the internet. Plant questions and availability are best determined in-store.